Westland Lynx is a British multi-purpose helicopter, designed and developed in 1971 by the aircraft company Westland Helicopters.
A multi-purpose aircraft model Westland Lynx began to be designed by British aircraft manufacturers in the late 60s of the last century. The design of this aircraft was developed by engineers from using the base from previous models, and therefore the project became very expensive, however, due to its effectiveness, it was able to pay for itself many times, especially since the production of these aircraft continues to this day.
The main goal of starting work on the design of the Westland Lynx model was an attempt to compete with American-made helicopters, while the project was supposed to become cheaper and more popular, which ultimately happened.
For the first time, an aircraft of the Westland Lynx model took off in March 1971, however, the prototype only passed test tests, and therefore, the helicopter design continued to be finalized and optimized until, ultimately, the Westland Lynx model was introduced in 1978, after which and its production began.
Unlike the American Bell UH-1 Iroquois helicopter, the Westland Lynx aircraft received a more aerodynamic shape, which made the helicopter more maneuverable and efficient in terms of its operation. Moreover, due to the decrease in drag during flight, the helicopter could accelerate to higher speeds, thereby providing a quick approach to the enemy, his attack, or conducting a special operation, and equally prompt departure.
The armament of the Westland Lynx helicopter depends primarily on the intended purpose of the aircraft, and consists of:
- Heavy machine gun 12.7 mm .;
- 7.62 mm machine gun;
- Two 20 mm. automatic guns;
- A set of unguided missiles;
- A set of anti-tank missiles;
- Ammunition kit to fight ships and submarines.
Onboard, the Westland Lynx aircraft, up to 11 people can be accommodated, including 2 crew members, one airborne shooter, and 8 military personnel, which allows the aircraft to be used for various special missions related to the delivery or evacuation of soldiers. The Westland Lynx helicopter can also be used as a medical aircraft, or as a vehicle capable of transporting large enough cargo, provided that the maximum take-off weight of this model is not exceeded.
The power plant of the Westland Lynx aircraft consists of two Rolls-Royce Gem gas turbine engines, each of which, depending on the modification of the aircraft, can develop a power of 1120 hp. The helicopter can move at distances up to 530 kilometers, with the possibility of flying at a maximum speed of 325 km \ h.
- Westland WG.13 – A prototype aircraft, first tested in 1971;
- Westland Lynx AH.1 – A basic production version developed for the British Air Force;
- Westland Lynx AH.1GT – An improved version of the Westland Lynx AH.1;
- Westland Lynx HT.1 – the project of the training version of the helicopter;
- Westland Lynx AH.5 – An improved version of the Westland Lynx AH.1, with a more powerful power plant, consisting of two engines with a total capacity of 2240 hp.;
- Westland Lynx AH.6 – design version of the helicopter for the British Navy;
- Westland Lynx AH.7 – attack version of the helicopter used by the British Air Force and Navy;
- Westland Lynx AH.7DAS – An improved version of the version of Westland Lynx AH.7;
- Westland Lynx AH.9 – a multi-purpose version of the helicopter, which can be used both as a general-purpose air vehicle and as a full-fledged attack helicopter;
- Westland Lynx AH.9A – modification with an improved weapon system and some technical additions;
- Westland Lynx HAS.2 – helicopter version designed for the British and French Navy;
- Westland Lynx HAS.2.5 – An upgraded version of the Westland Lynx HAS.2;
- Westland Lynx HAS.3 – modification of the helicopter for the British Navy, with an improved power plant and several technical additions;
- Westland Lynx HAS.3GM – modification for electronic warfare and communications;
- Westland Lynx HAS.3S – An improved version of the Westland Lynx HAS.3;
- Westland Lynx HAS.3SGM – an upgraded version of the helicopter, created based on versions of Westland Lynx HAS.3S and Westland Lynx HAS.3GM;
- Westland Lynx HAS.3ICE – A modification designed to work in adverse conditions with low temperatures;
- Westland Lynx HAS.3CTS – A modernized version with updated avionics systems;
- Westland Lynx Mk.4 – An improved multi-purpose version of the aircraft;
- Westland Lynx HMA.8 – strike version of the helicopter, developed for the British Navy;
- Westland Lynx HMA.8DSP – An improved version of the shock version of Westland Lynx HMA.8;
- Westland Lynx HMA.8DAS – A special version of the aircraft designed for the naval forces;
- Westland Lynx HMA.8SRU – a special version of the aircraft;
- Westland Lynx HMA.8CMP – a special version of the helicopter, designed by order of the British Navy;
In addition to the main versions of the aircraft, British engineers also created export versions of this aircraft, however, except for several minor features, they are almost completely identical to the main options.
According to official data for 2009, for the entire production cycle, aircraft builders built 450 aircraft.
- Crew: 2-3 people (depending on version);
- Capacity: 8 people (depending on the version);
- Length: 15.24 m. (Depending on version);
- Height: 3.24 m. (Depending on version);
- The diameter of the rotor: 12.8 m. (Depending on version);
- The mass of the empty helicopter: 3291 kg. (Depending on version);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 5330 kg. (Depending on version);
- Cruising speed: 280 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight speed: 325 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight range: 530 km. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight height: 4670 m. (Depending on version);
- Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Gem (Depending on version);
- Power: 2 × 1120 hp (Depending on version).