Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk is a multi-purpose helicopter designed and manufactured since 1979 by the American aircraft manufacturer Sikorsky Aircraft specifically for the US Navy.
The Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk helicopter was developed by American aircraft engineers based on the previous and quite popular Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk model, however, contrary to many existing opinions, the aircraft itself was radically different from this version, mainly in technical and operational terms.
The aircraft of this model itself was developed by order of the US military department, and despite its fairly venerable age, the Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk helicopter continues to be actively operated to this day.
Initially, the helicopter was designed as an anti-submarine aircraft, which allows not only reconnaissance over the situation from the air, but also quite effectively destroy enemy military targets, in particular, we are talking about submarines. As weapons, the Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk helicopter uses three anti-submarine torpedoes, a set of unguided and guided missiles, 7.62 mm machine guns. and can carry deep bombs on board to create sea minefields. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of using the Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk helicopter in an open battle against enemy ground forces remains very small, and in this case, the helicopter is more likely positioned only as a fire support aircraft.
Depending on the modification, the Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk helicopter can carry up to 15 people on board, including four crew members, including gunners, and 11 armed servicemen. Also, the helicopter can be positioned as a transport and cargo aircraft, allowing you to carry up to 4100 kilograms of payload on board (depending on the version), which is also very effective.
Due to the sufficiently large flight distance, the helicopter can also be used as a search and rescue tool, which has also found active application in the US Armed Forces and in the armed forces of other countries, to which this aircraft later began to be exported.
The power plant of the Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk consists of two General Electric T700-GE-401C turboshaft engines with a total power of 3780 hp, which in turn provides the aircraft with high speeds and load ratings. The cruising speed of this aircraft is 250 km \ h., While the helicopter can accelerate to a speed of 330 km \ h.
- Sikorsky YSH-60B Seahawk – the basic prototype of the aircraft;
- Sikorsky SH-60B Seahawk – anti-submarine version of a military helicopter, equipped with special radar and related weapons;
- Sikorsky NSH-60 Seahawk – a specially modified version of the helicopter;
- Sikorsky CH-60E Seahawk – draft transport landing helicopter;
- Sikorsky SH-60F Oceanhawk – a modified version of the Sikorsky SH-60B Seahawk, equipped with anti-submarine weapons and a deep-sea radar;
- Sikorsky NSH-60F Seahawk – a modified version of the Sikorsky SH-60F Oceanhawk;
- Sikorsky HH-60H Rescue Hawk – search and rescue helicopter version used by the US Navy;
- Sikorsky XSH-60J – a special version developed by order of Japan;
- Sikorsky SH-60J – anti-submarine version of the helicopter used by the Japanese Navy;
- Sikorsky YSH-60R Seahawk – A modified version of the helicopter;
- Sikorsky MH-60R Seahawk – An improved version of the Sikorsky YSH-60R Seahawk;
- Sikorsky YSH-60S Knighthawk – An improved version of the aircraft;
- Sikorsky MH-60S Knighthawk is a production version of the Sikorsky YSH-60S Knighthawk.
- Crew: 4 people (depending on version);
- Capacity: 11 people (depending on version);
- Length: 19.75 m. (Depending on version);
- Height: 5.2 m.;
- The diameter of the rotor: 16.35 m. (Depending on version);
- The mass of the empty helicopter: 6895 kg. (Depending on version);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 9925 kg. (Depending on version);
- Cruising speed: 250 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight speed: 330 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight range: 835 km .;
- Maximum flight height: 3580 m.;
- Powerplant: 2 × General Electric T700-GE-401C (Depending on version);
- Power: 2 × 1890 hp (Depending on version).