A Mi-38 helicopter is a multi-purpose machine that can be widely used in all sectors of the economy and for transportation of both goods and passengers. This aircraft is often used to transport VIPs. With its help it is possible to carry out rescue and search operations, it can also be used for flights over water bodies. Since this machine is one of the latest developments of the Mil design office, it has in its design most of the composite materials. The new machine has a significant glazing area of the cockpit.
In the late 80s, the USSR adopted a policy to accelerate technological progress. This was aimed at improving technology, which should correspond to foreign counterparts. For these reasons, many innovations were introduced in helicopter engineering. These facts led to the creation of a qualitatively new multi-purpose machine, which received the name Mi-38.
Mi-38 was the first helicopter that was designed and manufactured following international norms and standards. It also served to accelerate the formation of legislation on certification of helicopters in our country that met European and American flight suitability standards. But the collapse of the Soviet Union brought a delay in the further development of the helicopter industry. The Russian Federation was interested in the development of aviation, so a program for its development was created. She gave a qualitatively new impetus for the manufacture of the Mi-38 helicopter.
Since the Mi-38 is a multi-purpose helicopter, it must perform various tasks, such as transporting goods, passengers, perform installation work, and carry out loading and unloading. It was used as a rescue and medical machine. This model helicopter can be used both for scientific expeditions and for transporting people in a comfortable class cabin.
This model of an air vehicle can fly under very difficult meteorological conditions and at any time of the day. Mi-38 works great at temperatures from -50 to +60 degrees Celsius.
The machine is designed according to the classical scheme using one screw, which is equipped with six blades. The tail rotor has four X-shaped blades. Due to the well-designed fuselage design, the helicopter has excellent aerodynamic properties. The machine body consists of three layers, which include composite materials. The blades of both screws are made of fiberglass.
Maintenance of the Mi-38 helicopter is much cheaper and easier than in the previous Mi-8. This was achieved because the designers took into account all the problems that arose in the design and manufacture of other models of Mi-series helicopters. Due to the sufficiently large cargo compartment, the helicopter can carry bulk cargo.
It is equipped with a large cargo hatch, which is located at the rear of the car. There is also a side door, which is equipped with a ladder. Using it, you can also load. Through a large cargo hatch, the equipment can be loaded. In emergencies, the evacuation of passengers and pilots can be carried out through the side door of the machine.
This model is equipped with a winch, which is fixed near the doors on the right side of the case. It can lift loads weighing up to 300 kg. The passenger version of the car allows you to carry up to thirty passengers, while the cabin is equipped with a buffet and a toilet. The rescue version of the machine allows you to comfortably place 8 pairs of victims with a stretcher.
Due to the use of the latest equipment and a wide view from the cockpit, one pilot can control this machine. Flights with two pilots are mainly carried out when transporting passengers. Also, the equipment of the helicopter allows you to do without the help of a flight engineer.
Mi-38 meets all modern international safety requirements. Since the power plant of the machine is located in the rear, the machine can make a fairly safe landing of the helicopter in an emergency. Even if the oil system of the machine breaks down, the helicopter can still work for about half an hour. The entire control system is equipped with hydraulic boosters that facilitate the work of pilots. Helicopter fuel tanks are located on the floor of the cargo compartment. But they are thought out so well that when they fall from a height of about 15 meters, the fuel will not spread and will not cause a fire.
For safety and soft landing, the helicopter has many cushioning systems, which are equipped with seats for passengers and pilots, as well as a landing gear system. In the event of an emergency over water bodies, the Mi-38 helicopter has a splashdown system that ensures the safe evacuation of people from the car.
The helicopter is equipped with the latest devices that are controlled by the avionics system. All information is displayed on the cockpit displays. Also, the helicopter is equipped with instruments for calculating the meteorological situation, as well as a flight navigation system. The machine has an autopilot and electronic control of the power plant.
Due to the fact that this helicopter complies with all international and Russian standards of quality and safety, it can be considered a full competitor in the global helicopter market.
At the XIV Helicopter Championship, which took place from August 22-26, 2012 at the aerodrome near Moscow, pilots of the Moscow Helicopter Plant on the Mi-38 overcame a height of 8600m and set a new world altitude record and a climb record of 3000m without a load in 6 minutes in class E1h, FAI category for helicopters, the take-off mass of which is 10-20 tons. The record was broken on 15.08,2013 by a Mi8MSB helicopter with TV3117VMASBM1V 4E series engines. He reached a height of 9150m.
- Crew: 2
- The greatest number of passengers: 30
- Rotor Diameter: 21.1m
- Tail rotor diameter: 3.84m
- Length with rotary screws: 25m
- Fuselage Length: 19.95m
- Fuselage Width: 4.5m
- Height with rotary screws: 6.98m
- Empty Weight: 8300kg
- Normal take-off weight: 14200kg
- The highest take-off weight: 15600kg
- The largest payload on the external sling: 6000kg
- The largest payload in the transport cabin: 5000kg
- Engines TV7117V
- Takeoff power: 2500l.s
- Power in emergency mode: 3500hp
- Echelon Speed: 295km / h
- The highest speed: 320km / h
- Flight Range: 1300km
- Longest range with a payload of 3300kg and main tanks: 900km
- Practical ceiling: 5100m
- Static ceiling outside the zone of influence of the earth: 3100m
- Cabin Length: 8700mm
- Cabin Width: 2340mm
- Cabin Height: 1800mm
- Interior volume: 29.5 cbm