MI-28 Havoc

The Mi-28, or the Devastator, as NATO codifies it, is a Russian-made attack helicopter. Designed for warfare against light and medium-class tanks, armored vehicles, and the enemy manpower.

History

The helicopter was designed on a competitive basis. Mi-28 was created by the workers of the helicopter plant named after M.L. Mile. He was opposed by the Ka-50 (OKB Kamov). The prototype flew on November 10, 1982. There was no weapon on it since the first flight was carried out to check flight performance. It was installed only on the second copy. The design was adjusted to the comments made by the Air Force Commission.

In 1985, the construction of the third prototype began, in which all the comments were taken into account. In the 87th, the upgraded model received the marking of Mi-28A. His tests began on January 88th, and after that, the helicopter was demonstrated at air shows in Paris and Red Hill (near London). In 1991, a second copy was created by employees of the cost center. Two years later, near Gorokhovets, he brilliantly demonstrated himself in exercises.

On August 16, in 96, the helicopter completed a modernization course (Mi-28N). Four months later, he made the first experimental flight.

In 2005, the ICG (state joint trials) began. The program included the conduct of mass ground and air tests. They showed the flight performance of the helicopter. Their conduct was led by the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Air Force. In December, the company built the prototype. The initial stage of the ICG ended in 2007.

State joint trials included two stages. The first was characterized by the general picture and possible future production. Also, the ability of the helicopter to destroy ground enemies was visible. The second stage tested the ability to hit air opponents with the help of air-to-air missiles, as well as the helicopter survival.

In 2006, two copies took part in the exercises “Shield of the Union-2006” on the territory of the Republic of Belarus. OP-1 (the prototype) and 01-01 (the first pre-production copy) were demonstrated. On September 7, in Rostov-on-Don, state tests were conducted at the Rostvertol plant.

The first four Mi-28Ns were attached to the Torzhok Combat Aviation Center (2008). In January of the same year, the first two copies arrived at the Torzhok Pulp and Paper Mill and PLC AA. In the period from 2009 to 2011, the Russian Air Force received 27 serial helicopters (the fourth army of the Air Force and Air Defense). By the end of 2010, the first helicopter squadron of sixteen serial Mi-28Ns was formed based on 6971. In October, parallel deliveries of the helicopter to the 6974th airbase began. Until the end of 2010, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation received 38 serial copies. After that, the Air Force and the plant entered into another contract for thirty helicopters. It was necessary to hand them over until 2014. At the end of 2013, 63 Mi-28Ns were built for the Russian Air Force.

Modifications

Mi-28 is an experimental prototype. It was encoded as “product 280”.
Mi-28A – “product 286”. The upgraded model with the presence of engines TV3-117, fiberglass spars, the composition of the equipment, X-shaped RV 286-1.
Mi-28L is a licensed Mi-28A for use in Iraq.
Mi-28N – a helicopter for night operations. Main gearbox VR-29.
Mi-28NE – export option.
Mi-28NM – the upgraded Mi-28N. Development is still underway.
Mi-28UB – the helicopter is used for training purposes.

Avionic complex

  • helicopter combat readiness, regardless of weather conditions and time of day;
  • automatic distribution of goals;
  • performance of tasks at very low altitudes;
  • productive interaction in a team or a group with air or ground units of troops;
  • parallel or joint actions to defeat targets by the operator or pilot;
  • the ability to serve the helicopter at great distances from the deployment point;
  • adaptation of new TSA. 
  • one computing system. It provides complete processing of information based on the computer “Baguette-53”;
  • the latest BUT with the presence of a high-precision ANN-2000 and vertical course SBKV-2V-2;
  • the information field of the cockpit is composed of liquid crystal indicators and a multifunctional console;
  • laser and electronic radiation detection system;
  • weapons control system; self-propelled gun system;
  • helmet-mounted target designation and indication system;
  • pilot review system with night vision function (includes thermal imaging channel, low-level TC and laser range finder);
  • survey and sighting system for object detection, recognition, and aiming;
  • aerobatic complex;
  • airborne communications complex KSS-28N-1. Responsible for the automatic data exchange between the helicopter and the ground command post. Able to work in the frequency hopping and high-pass filters.

Also included in the composition of avionics is a heat television set of the Okhotnik family, which operates for the intellectual processing of video images for inspection of a phono-target picture, regardless of the time of day or weather conditions. Also, the Mi-28N can indicate (highlight) a target for fighters or other helicopters.

Mi-28 has rare abilities. For example, if the helicopter crashes, is knocked down or begins to break apart throughout the structure, the rotor blades, doors, and the console and wings are disconnected, then the seat belt is cut, balloons are inflated, ensuring safe exit of the cockpit. The crew lands with parachutes.

Mi-28 is responsible for the survivability of high-resistance armor, capable of holding a direct hit of armor-piercing bullets (12.7 mm caliber), fragmentation shells (20 mm).

The crew cabin is constructed of aluminum sheets (10 mm), on which ceramic armored elements (16 mm) are glued. Cabin doors are made of fiberglass (composed of aluminum plate and ceramic armor). The glass in the front compartment is made of a 42-mm silicate block, in the doors and side – 22 mm.

The cockpit of the operator and the pilot are disconnected from each other by aluminum armored plate 10 mm thick. The anti-fire effect in the fuel tanks is ensured by polyurethane-filled foam lining and self-tightening latex protectors.

This helicopter is capable of flying at a very low altitude, up to five meters, with bending of the relief. Increased maneuverability allows the helicopter to move back and to the side. And thanks to the EVU (screen-exhaust devices), the Mi-28’s infrared visibility is halved.

Special hardware installation of radio interference protects against guided missiles and infrared homing heads.

Mi-28N is the first helicopter to which spherical joints of the elastomeric type are applied; they do not require lubrication.

This helicopter is in service in countries such as Russia, Iraq, Egypt, Algeria.

Specifications

  • Modification Mi-28
  • The diameter of the main screw, m 17.20
  • Tail rotor diameter, m 3.84
  • Length, m 16.85
  • Height, m ​​3.82
  • Weight kg
    •   blank 7890
    •   normal takeoff 10400
    •   maximum takeoff 11500
  • Domestic fuel, kg 1500
  • PTB, l 4 x 500
  • Engine type 2 GTE Klimov TV3-117
  • Power, kW 2 x 1640
  • Maximum speed, km / h 282
  • Cruising speed, km / h 260
  • Range, km 460
  • Rate of climb, m / min 816
  • Practical ceiling, m 5750
  • Static ceiling, m 3450
  • Crew 2
  • Payload: up to 2 passengers
  • Armament: one 30 mm 2A42 gun with 300 rounds
    •   combat load – 1605 kg on 4 nodes of the suspension:
    •   4×4 ATGM Assault or Attack-V and
    •   2 PU UV-20-57 20×55 mm or UV-20-80 20×80 mm NUR or
    •   2 launchers with 130 mm NUR
    •   installation of 2×2 UR air-air R-60, containers with 23 mm guns or 30 mm grenade launchers or 12.7 mm or 7.62 mm machine guns, or 500 kg bombs, or mines
    •   under the wings – 16 ATGM Whirlwind
Graduated from Embry-Riddle Aviation University with a master's degree in aviation science. He began his career as an aviation researcher in local periodicals. Has a pilot license. Now are the author and developer of the Plane Worlds.