MD-87 is a mid-range passenger aircraft developed by McDonnell Douglas, an American company. The aircraft was designed to meet the requirements of the Finnish airline Finner and the Austrian Austrian Airlines, which ordered the aircraft in December 1984. McDonnell Douglas began developing the aircraft in January 1985.
The MD-87 was the only version of the MD-80 family to undergo significant design changes. The aircraft had a fuselage shortened by 5 m and was designed to carry 109 passengers in a mixed layout or 130 in a single-class layout.
The aircraft made its first flight on December 4, 1986. At the end of October 1987, certification was completed and deliveries began in November. The largest number of aircraft MD-87 has the Spanish airline Iberia (24) and the Scandinavian SAS (18).
The MD-87 was the first in the MD-80 family of aircraft to receive the EFIS digital avionics system, as well as a headlight indicator on the windshield of the flight deck (HUD). The aircraft is equipped with a digital avionics complex EFIS with color displays. Two Pratt & Whitney JT8D-217С turbojet engines (thrust 9455 kgs) or JT8D-219 (thrust 9530 kgs) were installed. This modification was produced in 1987-1993. In total, more than 130 aircraft were delivered.
- Modification: MD-87
- Wingspan, m: 32.87
- Length, m: 39.75
- Height, m: 9.30
- Wing Area, m2: 112.30
- Weight, kg: empty equipped aircraft 33200; maximum take-off 63500
- Fuel, l: 21840-26340
- Engine Type: 2 turbojet engine Pratt Whitney JT8D-219
- Draft, kgs: 2 x 9845
- Maximum speed, km / h: 940
- Cruising speed, km / h: 880
- Economic speed, km / h: 815
- Practical range, km: 4400
- Flight range with full loading, km: 3700
- Practical ceiling, m: 10670
- Crew: 2
- Payload: 114 passengers in a cabin of two classes or 139 passengers – maximum or 17600 kg of cargo.