IAI.1126 Galaxy – a passenger aircraft developed by the Israeli company IAI. The Galaxy project was launched in the early 90s based on the Astra SP aircraft. At first, the new aircraft was known as Astra IV, but after the official announcement of the start of work on the project at the NBAA conference in September 1993 in Atlanta, the name Galaxy was adopted. According to the manufacturer, Galaxy is introducing a new market segment between traditional mid-size administrative jets and large, intercontinental jets.
The first flight was planned to be completed at the end of 1995, but financial restrictions and problems with a potential fuselage manufacturer of the Yakovlev Design Bureau (Russia), as well as restructuring and changing US marketing, led to numerous delays. In July 1996, IAI received a new partner – the French company Sogerma, which was supposed to produce the fuselage and the tail of the aircraft. In November of the same year, financial tycoon Pritzker became the project’s new financial investor. Brian Barents (former president of Learjet) was hired to lead the recently established Galaxy Aerospace in Texas.
Galaxy was completed on September 4, 1997. The first flight took place on December 25, 1997, from the Ben-Gurion International airport and lasted two hours and two minutes. At the helm were pilots Adi Benaya and Hagai Koren. During the flight, a height of 3000m was reached. The second flight took place on December 31, when the pilots first cyclically repeated the landing gear, flaps, wing slats, and spoilers. Also, each engine was turned off and restarted in the air. By the end of February 1998, the plane flew for 23 hours and completed ten flights.
Three aircraft were included in the test program, namely aircraft with numbers 003 (first flight in December 1997), 004 (first flight in May 1998) and 005 (first flight September 24, 1998). Frame 001 is used for static tests and 002 for fatigue tests. Before certification in Israel and the United States in December 1998, the aircraft flew for 810 hours in 260 flights. Canadian and European certification is also expected throughout the year. Deliveries will be made from Alliance Airport (Dallas, Texas). It is planned that aircraft 006 will be delivered from Israel to Dallas in March, and after final preparation will be handed over to the customer in the middle of the year. The estimated price of the aircraft is 14.5 million US dollars.
- Modification: IAI-1126
- Wingspan, m: 17.71
- Aircraft Length, m: 18.97
- The height of the aircraft, m: 6.53
- Wing Area, m2: 34.28
- Weight kg: empty plane 8709; maximum take-off 15808
- Engine type: 2 turbofan engine Pratt Whitney Candad PW306A
- Rod, kN: 2 x 26.84
- Maximum speed, km / h: 926.5
- Cruising speed, km / h: 870
- Practical range, km: 6706
- Practical ceiling, m: 13715
- Crew: 2
- Payload: 8 passengers in the luxury version, 18 passengers in the standard cabin.