HESA Shahed 285 is an Iranian light attack helicopter designed by the Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company in 2009.
The design of the light attack helicopter model HESA Shahed 285 began by Iranian aircraft manufacturers in the mid-2000s. The main reason for this was the initiative of the military command of the Iranian Armed Forces, which needed inexpensive, but effective strike air means, allowing for an effective fight against enemy manpower and armored vehicles.
As a base, aircraft builders from the Iranian company Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company used the Bell 206 model of the American multi-purpose helicopter and the Panha Shabaviz 2061 model of its helicopter, however, in fact, the development was carried out from the very beginning, and the engineers used only some previously made improvements. which provided the project with minimal costs, and at the same time made it possible to simplify production using ready-made parts, assemblies, and assemblies.
In 2009, the HESA Shahed 285 helicopter completed its first flight tests, thanks to which, already in 2010, the project was put into pre-production, and in 2012 it was successfully tested in the Armed Forces of Iran, where it established itself as a highly effective and inexpensive strike helicopter and therefore began the process of serial production of military aircraft of this model.
The Iranian attack helicopter HESA Shahed 285 has a light and compact design, providing it with high maneuverability and good controllability, which in turn allows for highly effective combat operations against enemy manpower and armored vehicles.
The HESA Shahed 285 helicopter is equipped with the following weapons systems:
- Machine gun caliber 7.62 mm.;
- A set of 14 unguided air-to-ground missiles.
Thanks to the optimization of the control system of the aircraft and its weapons, the crew of the HESA Shahed 285 helicopter consists of one person, and, due to the aircraft belonging to the class of light attack helicopters, it is not possible to transport people and cargo on board.
The aircraft of the HESA Shahed 285 model is equipped with a gas turbine power plant consisting of one engine of the brand Rolls-Royce Model 250-C20J, having a power of 420 hp The maximum helicopter flight range is 875 kilometers, with a cruising speed of 220 km \ h, which is very acceptable.
According to 2014 data, Iran was armed with 4 aircraft of this model, while the production of HESA Shahed 285 helicopters continues to this day.
- Crew: 1 person;
- Length: 11.84 m.;
- Height: 3.47 m.;
- The diameter of the rotor: 10.02 m.;
- Empty helicopter mass: 820 kg .;
- Maximum take-off weight: 1450 kg .;
- Cruising speed: 220 km \ h.;
- Maximum flight speed: 240 km \ h.;
- Maximum flight range: 875 km .;
- Maximum flight height: 4160 m.;
- Powerplant: Rolls-Royce Model 250-C20J;
- Power: 420 hp