The Gulfstream G550 is a business jet developed by Gulfstream Aerospace. The flagship of the Gulfstream business jet line.
Gulfstream G550 in production since 2003. From its predecessor Gulfstream V, the new aircraft features an elongated cabin and radically improved avionics. In the photographs, it seems small, but nearby it surprises with its size – the wingspan is almost the same as that of the Boeing 737. The ability to stay in the air for 13-14 hours provides a non-stop flight from Moscow to Los Angeles. Flying at an altitude of 15500 meters (550th echelon), where there are no other aircraft, taking into account cruising speed (904 km / h) gives a tangible gain in time. The aircraft is equipped with Rolls-Royce BR710 C4-11 turbofan engines, PlaneView (R) cabins, and the Honeywell Primus Epic avionics kit.
The aircraft is certified for 19 passengers, but such tight training is not found in practice. The usual passenger capacity of the G550 is 12-14 people, who are accommodated with perfect comfort, despite the relatively narrow fuselage. The salon has 3 sections for accommodating passengers. Almost the same space is reserved for office space, which occupies the crew lounge, one or two bathrooms, and a very spacious kitchen in front or rear of the cabin. Each pair of chairs located opposite is transformed into a full-fledged berth. A later modification of the Gulfstream G500 aircraft has a more spacious cabin, due to the lack of a crew lounge. The well-being of passengers is ensured not only by the comfortable equipment of the cabin but also by a unique ventilation system. At the maximum flight height inside the pressure chamber, a pressure corresponding to an altitude of 1800 meters above sea level is maintained.
The G550 series was officially unveiled in Orlando, Florida on September 9, 2002. For the first time in the history of Gulfstream, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued a type certificate and a production license on the same day – August 14, 2003. The type certificate indicates that the aircraft design is approved by the FAA, and the production license confirms that the manufacturing process of the manufacturer complies with the norms and requirements of the Federal Aviation Administration.
The first G550 was delivered to the customer on September 17, 2003. The Gulfstream G550 development team won the 2003 Robert J. Collier Award from the National Aviation Association for its outstanding technological breakthrough in the aerospace industry. In the United States, the Robert J. Collier Award is the most prestigious in the field.
Currently, the G550 / G500 fleet in operation has 172 aircraft and boasts an annual mean time between failures of 99.87%. Also, the G550 set about 40-speed records. The most noteworthy is the non-stop flight from Seoul (South Korea) to Orlando (Florida) on October 3, 2003. The distance between cities, amounting to 7301 nautical miles, was covered by the aircraft in 14.5 hours. The flight was organized only two weeks after the aircraft was put into operation. Recently, the fleet of G550 and G500 aircraft left behind 200,000 flight hours.
The G550 was the first FAA-certified civilian aircraft to include the EVS Advanced Vision System as standard aircraft equipment. Gulfstream EVS projects actual, real-world infrared images taken on the nose of the aircraft onto the HUD collimator display.
It was this aircraft that was first equipped with a PlaneView cockpit, which includes a display system and an integrated set of Honeywell Primus Epic avionics. The PlaneView flight deck is a collaborative effort between engineers and pilots to increase situational awareness and flight safety while at the same time relieving some of the load on pilots. Flight information of paramount importance is displayed on 14-inch LCD monitors in a format that can be easily decrypted.
- Type: Business Jet
- Powerplant: two twin-circuit turbojet engines Rolls-Royce BR710C4-11 at 6 974 kg each
- Maximum number of passengers: 19 people
- Practical ceiling: 15 545 m
- Flight range: 12,501 km
- Maximum take-off weight: 41.278 t
- Cruising speed: 904 km / h
- Wingspan: 28.50 m
- Wing Area: 105.6 sq. m
- Length: 29.39 m
- Height: 7.87 m