Eurocopter EC 130 – a lightweight single-engine helicopter, designed by Eurocopter. The first take-off took place in 1999. Built with the call of composite materials. In several modifications are issued. The helicopter is delivered to more than 30 countries in the world.
The helicopter with one rotor EC130 is a modified version of the Eurocopter AS350 B3. It has a means of stabilizing the position in space and automating flight. On this helicopter, the first flight was performed by Australian test pilot Paige Stephen on June 24, 1999.
Designed for travel companies in the first place, which carry out air tours. Therefore, he has – concerning the original model – significantly increased: glazing area, cab width, sound insulation (due to lateral shielding of the rear screw). As a result, the model has a more spacious cabin with excellent external visibility and can accommodate up to seven tourists.
The EC130 helicopter was designed, put into operation, and production in close cooperation with US travel operators, primarily the Blue Hawaiian helicopter airline, which was the first travel operator to use this helicopter. EC 130 was commissioned by Blue Hawaiian in 2001, and at the moment the helicopter has become an ordinary occurrence at such tourist sites as the Grand Canyon, Hawaiian Islands, and so on.
In the helicopter cockpit, in a tourist version, 8 people are placed in 2 rows: 3 passengers and 1 pilot in the front row, 4 passengers in the second row. This is the layout of the seats for helicopters of the Papillon Aviation Company, which flies to the United States over the Grand Canyon and Las Vegas (including excursions involving landing inside the Grand Canyon). left (as in the left-hand drive, that is, a European car). This gives the pilot the opportunity, with poor visibility or landing in the fog, hovering at a height of 1-5 meters, inspect the place under the helicopter’s skis below, looking out the window that opens on its convex door. In difficult conditions, for a better view, the pilot can, if necessary, open his door without detaching from the seat and objectively evaluate the area under the hovering helicopter, stretching his neck and bending slightly to the left through the threshold.
The EC 130 helicopter at the end of the rear beam has a multi-blade special fenestron (screw in the ring), which is installed instead of the usual tail rotor as in the typical AS350. This fenestron has unevenly arranged blades, as well as an increased angular rotation speed (which reduces vibration at the same time), in comparison with an open ordinary screw. The presence of fenestron reduces the level of external noise by 50 percent compared with the tail rotor of the original model base. As a result, the noise level of a flying helicopter according to the EPNdB criterion (Effective Perceived Noisein Decibel – effectively perceived noise in decibels) is 84.3 dB. This is 8.5dB less than the threshold for the second noise category, respectively, with Appendix H of the regulatory requirements of FAA, the US national aviation regulatory authority. Also, the closed propeller is almost safe for people who are not far from the helicopter when it is running with the engine on the ground.
The EC 130 helicopter is also becoming popular as a helicopter used for medical services, as an ambulance helicopter, since one or two stretchers are conveniently located in its large cabin with wide side doors in the back row. In this case, in the front row, there are usually seats for two accompanying passengers, if there is one pilot (instead of another front passenger seat, medical equipment can be placed). The safety of fenestron also simplifies and speeds up the unloading and loading of the wounded and patients (no need to wait to turn off the engine for loading/unloading patients from the helicopter), especially in time-critical conditions when it is impossible to stop the helicopter engine. In 2012, Eurocopter received orders for 50 copies of the EC 130 T2 from Maverick Helicopters and other customers (Papillon, BlueHawaiian, and so on).
- Crew: 1-2 pilots.
- Amount of passengers: 7 passengers (6 with two pilots) or 2 escorts and 1-2 patients on a stretcher.
- Length: 12.64m.
- Fuselage length: 10.68m.
- The diameter of the rotor: 10.69 m.
- The largest fuselage width: 2.03m.
- Height: 3.61m. (with tail rotor).
- The area which is swept by the rotor: 89.75 sq.m.
- Track: 2.31m.
- Empty weight: 1360kg.
- The highest take-off weight: 2400kg.
- with a load on the external load: 2800kg.
- Weight of the load on the external suspension: 1160kg.
- The volume of fuel tanks: 540l.
- Engines: 1 × TurbomecaArriel2B1 turboshaft with FADEC system.
- Thrust: 1 × 847hp (1 × 632kW. (Take-off)).
- Maximum permissible speed: 287km / h.
- The highest speed: 235km / h.
- Practical ceiling: 7010m.
- Static ceiling:
- without applying the effect of the earth: 5320m.
- using the effect of the earth: 5875m.
- Rate of climb: 11.6m./s.
- Disk load: 26.74 kg./sq.m.
- Thrust-to-weight ratio: 226W / kg. (at the highest take-off weight).
- The length of the cargo compartment: 2.19m.
- The width of the cargo compartment: 1,865m.
- The height of the cargo compartment: 1.28m.
- Net volume of the cargo compartment: 3.7 cubic meters