EMB-120ER Brasilia is a short-haul passenger aircraft developed by the Brazilian company Embraer. The company began developing aircraft in September 1979, when many foreign aircraft manufacturing companies began work on a new generation of 30-40-seat turboprop aircraft for local airlines. The first flight of the prototype took place on July 27, 1983. Certification of the aircraft in Brazil was completed in May 1985, and in July it was certified in the USA by FAA standards. In 1986, the EMB-120 aircraft was certified in Europe. Initially, the aircraft was supplied with Pratt & Whitney Canada PW115 engines with a capacity of 1,500 hp Later, a PW118 TVD with a capacity of 1700hp each was installed on the aircraft, as a result of which it was possible to reduce the take-off run. The aircraft received the designation EMB-120RT and became the main production aircraft.
The aircraft with an increased flight range EMB-120ER Brasilia Advanced appeared in 1994, it had an increased maximum take-off weight and did not require major changes to the design of the machine. As a result, early production aircraft were converted to this standard.
Modified by longer struts, the EMB-120ER modification was developed under the designation EMB-120X since 1992, and is also sometimes referred to as Improved Brasilia. The aircraft was distinguished by new avionics, a modified cockpit, and some other elements.
- Modification EMB-120ER
- Wingspan, m 19.78
- Length of aircraft, m 20.00
- The height of the aircraft, m 6.35
- Wing Area, m2 39.43
- Weight kg empty aircraft 7580; normal takeoff 11700; maximum take-off 11990
- Fuel, l 3340
- Engine type 2 TVD Pratt Whitney Canada PW118A
- Horsepower 2 x 1800
- Maximum speed, km / h 605
- Cruising speed, km / h 580
- Practical range, km 1480
- Practical ceiling, m 9760
- Crew 2
- Payload 30 passengers or 3320 kg of commercial cargo