The success of the Bandeirante program prompted the Brazilian aircraft company to begin developing a new, longer version of the aircraft. Work on the new machine called the EMB-120 Brasilia, was launched in 1979, and the first flight completed on July 27, 1983. The plane had a crew of two people and could take on board up to 30 passengers. The Brazilian certification of the aircraft was in May 1985, with a power plant consisting of two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW115 engines with a shaft power of 1,590 liters. with. (1195 kW). The first new aircraft received the company “Atlantic Southeast Airways” (USA) in June 1985, and by mid-2010 the company handed over to customers 350 aircraft of this type. The aircraft is removed from serial production but can be ordered according to a special scheme.
The Brazilian Air Force became the first military customer of the EMB-120 – in 1987-1988, five VC-97 aircraft in VIP configuration was received (one was decommissioned after the flight accident in July 1988). The VC-97 is almost no different from the EMB-120RT (Reduced Take-off) – the basic modification that went into the series, starting with the fourth aircraft – and was equipped with two PW118 engines with a capacity of 1800 l. with. (1342 kW) powered by Hamilton Standard four-blade propellers. In 1986, there was also an option for operation in hot climates and high altitude conditions, which was already equipped with PW118A engines. Also, customers were offered fully cargo, passenger, and convertible versions of the aircraft.
A full cargo EMB-120FC could take on board a payload weighing up to 1814 kg, a cargo-passenger modification of the EMB-120 Combi – 19 passengers and 1100 kg of cargo, and a convertible EMB-120QC – 30 passengers or 3500 kg of cargo.
Certification of the aircraft in Brazil was completed in May 1985, and in July it was certified in the USA by FAA standards. In 1986, the EMB-120 aircraft was certified in Europe.
The last two modifications of Brasilia – EMB-120EW and EMB-120RS – were planned as military aircraft: EMB-120EW is an AWACS aircraft equipped with Ericsson Erieye side-view radar, the antenna of which was placed in a long fairing on the top of the fuselage, protected by radio communications, a new with an avionics and flight control system, as well as with an increased fuel supply (the Brazilian Air Force ordered five such machines as part of the Amazon River Basin Monitoring Project), and the EMB-120RS was considered as a supplement to the EMB-120EW and was intended primarily about, for the issuance of target designation on ground control gear or other aircraft. Initially, the Air Force ordered three such aircraft, which had the same structural improvements as the EMB-120EW, but were equipped with the Canadian MacDonald Detwiler IRIS (Integrated Radar Imaging System) Canadian radar, the antenna of which was located in the ventral fairing and could be used to solve research problems natural resources, river pollution, and terrain mapping.
However, later both contracts were canceled – in favor of the purchase of aircraft created based on the regional airliner ERJ-145.
- Modification EMB-120C
- Wingspan, m 19.78
- Length of aircraft, m 20.00
- The height of the aircraft, m 6.35
- Wing Area, m2 39.43
- Weight kg empty aircraft 7070; maximum takeoff 11500
- Engine Type 2 TVD Pratt Whitney Canada PW118
- Horsepower 2 x 1800
- Maximum speed, km / h 552
- Cruising speed, km / h 482
- Practical range, km 1750
- Practical ceiling, m 9085
- Crew 2
- Payload 30 passengers