In the late 1960s, Hawker Siddeley (a member of British Aerospace Corporation in April 1977) began research on a passenger jet aircraft project designed to replace the HS748 turboprop aircraft created in the 1950s. The company planned to create an aircraft that can be operated from short runways and has a low noise level. After evaluating the various options, a scheme with a highly moderate sweep wing, a T-plumage and four turbofan engines on pylons under the wing was selected. To shorten the take-off run on the aircraft, developed mechanization of the trailing edge of the wing was used, more than 60% of the span of which is occupied by Fowler’s flaps. In August 1973, Hawker Siddeley first announced that it was embarking on the development of the HS146, which would be heavily funded by the government. However, due to financial and political problems, the development of the aircraft began to be dragged out and at the end of 1977 was in danger of complete cessation. Moreover, the government supported the continuation of work. Only in July 1978, the board of directors of British Aerospace Corporation decided to officially launch the aircraft development program, which by then had been designated BAe 146.
It was planned to develop two options: BAe.146-100 and an extended version of BAe 146-200. The first BAe 146-100 prototype aircraft completed its first flight on September 3, 1981. At the end of May 1983, the aircraft was certified in the UK, and deliveries began immediately. Based on the passenger aircraft, a cargo variant of the BAe 146-100QT was created, with a cargo door measuring 2.92 x 1.98 m on the left side of the fuselage behind the wing. Such aircraft were not built as a series but were converted into the USA by Hayes International. In the second half of the 1980s, two VAe 146-100 aircraft were built in the SS.Mk.2 version specifically to serve the Queen of Great Britain and members of her family, as well as the Prime Minister and some members of the government. Based on the original aircraft, the BAe 146-200 and BAe 146-300 variants were designed for a larger number of seats. In the 1990s, advanced modifications of the RJ70, RJ85, RJ100H RJ115 appeared, which are currently produced by the European consortium AIR. The aircraft was mass-produced in 1983-1989. A total of 221 BAe 146 aircraft were built in various modifications, of which 219. It was delivered. The remaining two aircraft are being mothballed at the company’s factory.
- Modification: BAe.146-100
- Wingspan, m: 26.34
- Length of aircraft, m: 26.19
- The height of the aircraft, m: 8.61
- Wing Area, m2: 77.30
- Weight kg: empty aircraft 23370; normal take-off 38100
- Internal fuel, l: 11730-12910
- Engine Type: 4 turbofan Allied Signal ALF 502R-5
- Thrust, kgs: 4 x 3160
- Cruising speed, km / h: 790
- Practical range, km: 1730
- Practical ceiling, m: 9145
- Crew: 2-3
- Payload: 82-93 passengers maximum or 7700 kg of cargo.