Under the name, Bombardier CSeries is a family of medium-range airliners developed by Bombardier Aerospace, which originally planned to buy Fokker, with the subsequent development of the BRJX regional airliner (Bombardier Regional Jet expansion). The introduction of the 80- and 110-seat Embraer E-170s and E-195s left Bombardier no competitors in the mid-size aircraft market, and in July 2004 the company announced the CSeries as a replacement canceled draft BRJX.
Bombardier CS100 the aircraft, which is the base representative of the family of narrow-body aircraft Bombardier CSeries. Aircraft are designed primarily to operate on regional airlines and are capable of carrying up to 125 passengers on their board (it was originally planned to equip the aircraft with 110 economy-class seats), depending on the configuration and class. CSeries is the second aircraft in the world, designed and built using the most advanced technologies in aircraft manufacturing. This is a small Dreamliner. The main intrigue is that for the first time in many decades, someone decided to “challenge” the duopoly of Boeing and Airbus in the segment of the most popular aircraft with a capacity of 100 – 150 seats.
The narrow-bodied passenger airliner Bombardier CS 100 (its prototype FTV-1) completed its first flight on September 16, 2013. The first planned deliveries to the customer were in 2015-2016. When designing a passenger airliner, aircraft designers tried to make fuel consumption as low as possible when covering distances between cities, and, according to the first tests, the consumption compared to modern Boeing and Airbus aircraft was reduced by almost 13%, which almost immediately attracted the attention of customers. Initially, it was assumed that the aircraft will receive the name Bombardier CS 110, according to the number of seats, but subsequently, it was decided to abandon this, since, according to the assumptions of aircraft designers, the space in the cabin could be reduced for a larger capacity of people.
When designing the Bombardier CS100 aircraft, both conventional materials and composite were used, which allowed reducing the weight of the aircraft as much as possible, and at the same time increase the reliability of the airliner. Also, thanks to a special approach to the production of the Bombardier CS 100, it was possible to reduce the cost of the aircraft by 10-12%, which makes these aircraft competitive, and according to the catalog price for the middle of 2014, the cost of one Bombardier CS 100 aircraft is 62 million dollars. The avionics are based on the Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion kit, and 380-mm multi-function indicators are installed in the cockpit. The avionics include advanced navigation and radio communications equipment, equipment for monitoring on-board systems, and EICAS engines.
Subsequently, at the 51st international air show in Le Bourget (2015), a representative of the aircraft manufacturer Bombardier said that the current characteristics of the airliners could be improved, in particular, if previously the aircraft could cover a distance of 5463 kilometers, then thanks to the improvements, the maximum the distance increased to 6100 kilometers. Also, thanks to the redevelopment of the cabin, it was possible to achieve a passenger capacity of 133 people.
The new Bombardier CS 100 passenger airliners can confidently compete with the already launched Airbus A320 and Boeing 737 Next Generation, all the more so as the technical specifications and price fully justify themselves.
The first operators of Bombardier CS 100 passenger airliners will be European carriers airlines such as Swiss and SAS have placed a preliminary order for the supply of aircraft, but US carriers also express their interest.
- Modification CS100
- Wingspan, m 35.10
- Aircraft Length, m 34.90
- The height of the aircraft, m 11.50
- Wing Area, m2 112.30
- Weight kg maximum take-off 60781
- Engine type 2 turbojet engine Pratt & Whitney PW1500G
- Thrust, kgs 2 x 9550
- Maximum cruising speed, km / h 870
- Normal cruising speed, km / h 828
- Ferry range, km / h 5741
- Practical range, km 4000
- Practical ceiling, m 12500
- Crew 2
- Payload: 108 passengers in two-class cabins or 120 passengers in economy class.