In 1992-1993 Boeing began researching the subfamily of 737 aircraft, which received the symbol 737-NGA (New Generation Airliner) or 737-X. It was planned, taking as a basis the design of the 737-300 aircraft, to significantly improve flight technical and economic characteristics to extend the life of type 737 aircraft (the most popular in the world) in the 21st century, as well as to ensure competitiveness with the same type of aircraft of the Airbus Industry consortium.
The official launch of the 737-X aircraft development program was November 1993. After Southwest Airlines ordered 63 aircraft in January 1994, the company began developing the original Boeing 737-700 aircraft (also designated 737-ZOOX), in which the number of seats is similar to that of the 737-300. The first flight of the prototype 737-700 took place on February 9, 1997.
Based on a passenger plane in the fall of 1996, Boeing proposed an administrative version of the BBJ for transporting 30-50 passengers over a distance of 11,000 km. The first BBJ was built in 1998, and flight testing and certification will begin. In early 1997, the company decided to offer the 737-700 aircraft in the AWAC variant for participation in the competition announced by the Australian Air Force. The aircraft uses the EFIS digital avionics system of the American company “Honeywell” with six flat-panel liquid crystal displays. The architecture of the complex is the same as on a Boeing 777. There is the possibility of installing a collimator indicator HDD on the windshield. Serial production began in 1997. As of 01/01/97, 7 Boeing 737 aircraft were operated in Russia (the year of operation began – 1993).
- Modification: Boeing 737-700
- Wingspan, m: 34.31
- Aircraft Length, m: 33.63
- The height of the aircraft, m: 12.55
- Wing Area, m2: 124.60
- Weight kg: empty loaded aircraft 37580; maximum take-off 70800
- Engine type: 2 turbofan engines CFM International CFM56-7B20 (-7B22, 7V24)
- Thrust, kgf: 2 x 9080 (10000, 10915)
- Maximum speed, km / h: 978
- Cruising speed, km / h: 925
- Practical range, km: 6370
- Practical ceiling, m: 12500
- Payload: 126 passengers in the cabin of two classes or in the tourist class of 149 people.