Berlin Schönefeld International Airport is one of Germany’s largest air harbors, serving more than 12 million 865 thousand passengers in 2017.
Initially, on the site of Berlin Schönefeld International Airport, aircraft manufacturing enterprises engaged in the production of civil and military aircraft were located, however, with the advent of World War II, almost all of the infrastructure was destroyed.
In 1946, the Soviet Union advocated the start of the construction of a civil airport that could effectively serve both domestic and international flights. Thanks to a qualified approach, the first regular flights to Berlin Schönefeld Airport began to be carried out already in 1947.
Between the 40s and 60s, Berlin Schönefeld Airport was actively expanding, and could serve millions of passengers a year, although, in reality, the efficiency of the air harbor was only about 35%.
In the 60s, the route network of Berlin Schönefeld International Airport grew significantly, however, due to the intensification of the Cold War between the USSR and the West, airlines from the capitalist countries in this air harbor were either not served, or served at much higher tariffs, therefore, carriers preferred to fly to other airports.
In 1969, the passenger flow of Berlin Schönefeld International Airport grew to 1 million people a year, and after another 20 years, this figure grew to 3 million people a year, although the air harbor still could not work efficiently.
After the merger of the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, the route network of the Berlin Schönefeld International Airport grew significantly, which is why, in the early 2000s, the volume of served passengers reached 3.3 million passengers, by 2010 – 7.29 million passengers, and in 2017 12.86 million passengers a year.
However, because the expansion of the international air harbor is not possible, the German authorities decided to close the airport with the commissioning of the Berlin Brandenburg International Airport, which is expected by 2020.
Berlin Schönefeld International Airport has at its disposal two runways:
- Asphalt runway with a length of 3500 meters and a width of 45 meters;
- A concrete runway with a length of 4100 meters and a width of 70 meters.
This fact allows the air harbor to receive aircraft of all classes and types, and thanks to the presence of helipads, the airport can also serve rotorcraft.
Berlin Schönefeld International Airport has a well-developed infrastructure, which is primarily due to the annually growing performance indicators of this air harbor, in particular, on the territory of the airport:
- Banks, ATMs, payment terminals, currency exchange;
- Cafes, restaurants, and other public catering facilities;
- Retail stores;
- Souvenir shops;
- Duty-free shops;
- Shopping centers;
- Room of mother and child;
- Car rental service;
- Places of packing and storage of luggage;
- Car parking;
- A taxi rank and public transport;
- Ticket offices and representative offices of airlines.
There is no hotel in the air harbor, however, due to the proximity of Berlin Schönefeld International Airport to the city, this does not create problems.
- Airport Country: Germany
- Year established Airport: 1934.
- GMT time zone (summer / winter): + 2 / + 1.
- Latitude geographic 52.38, longitude geographic 13.52.
- The geographical location of the airport: near the town of Schönefeld, 18 kilometers in the direction of the southeast of the city center of Berlin.
- Amount of airport terminals: 4.