Airbus A350 is the new wide-body airliner for long-haul airlines developed by Airbus (EADS). Formally, the A350 project started on December 1, 2006 with the goal of replacing the A330 and A340 aircraft. The main goal of creating an airliner is to compete with the American company Boeing. The new Airbus A350 is a direct competitor to aircraft such as the Boeing 777 and Boeing 787 Dreamliner, also known as the Boeing 7E7.
The Airbus consortium originally wanted to use the A330 as the basis for the new aircraft. It was supposed to install new engines on the A330 and rework the aerodynamics of the aircraft. This project is called “A330-200 Lite.” But then this idea was abandoned, and the design of the A350 began as the development of a new aircraft. Although the fuselage of the first version of the A350 resembled the A330 aircraft, it was nevertheless a different aircraft with new wings made of new composite materials based on carbon fiber, with new engines and new flight stabilizers. The A350 was also distinguished by its modern layout and trim, which seats up to nine seats in a row. The new aircraft project was called the A350 XWB (Extra Wide Body).
On August 31, 2010, the first stage of aircraft construction began. During its construction, new composite materials were widely used. They make up 52 percent of the total weight of the aircraft. According to Airbus’s expectations, the aircraft should be 10-15 percent cheaper to operate than its direct competitor Boeing 787. At the beginning of 2013, ground tests of the first Airbus A350 were conducted. The first flight of the new A350 took place on July 14, 2013. It was an Airbus A350-900 model.
The new aircraft is equipped with two Trent XWB turbojet engines with a thrust of 374.5 kN each from Rolls & Royce. Negotiations are also underway with General Electric to use GEnx engines (General Electric Next-generation). According to Airbus Corporation, an A350 aircraft with new engines should increase fuel efficiency by 25 percent compared with the A330.
The airliner will be offered to carriers in three versions. The first shortened version, 60.54 meters long, designated as A350-800. It is designed to carry 245 passengers in three classes at a distance of 15,900 kilometers. The estimated time for commissioning this modification was at the end of 2014 or early 2015.
The second version, it is also the basic one – A350-900. This version will fly a distance of 15,000 kilometers. And it can accommodate 314 passenger seats in a three-class configuration or 366 seats in a two-class one. The length of the aircraft is 66.89 meters. This version was commissioned in the second half of 2014.
The third aircraft modification, the A350-1000, is the largest aircraft of the entire Airbus A350 family. Its length is 73.88 meters. He started arriving at airlines from mid-2015. This version is capable of carrying up to 412 passengers in two classes or 350 passengers in a three-class configuration. The range of this model will be equal to 14900 kilometers.
To date, the Airbus consortium, from its customers, has already received about 580 orders for the supply of A350 various modifications.
- Modification: A350-900
- Wingspan, m: 64.75
- Aircraft Length, m: 66.89
- The height of the aircraft, m: 17.05
- Wing Area, m2: 443.00
- Weight kg: empty loaded aircraft 115700; maximum take-off 268,000
- Engine type: 2 turbofan engine Rolls-Royce Trent XWB-84
- Rod, kN: 2 x 374
- Maximum speed, km / h: 945
- Cruising speed, km / h: 903
- Practical range, km: 15000
- Practical ceiling, m: 13100
- Crew: 2
- Payload: 314 passengers in a three-class configuration or 366 passengers in a two-class configuration.