The A321 is a mid-range passenger aircraft developed by the West European consortium Airbus. The consortium announced the design of the A321 aircraft, which is a 720-meter extended A320 aircraft, in April 1988, and in May 1989, the consortium began searching for customers. Officially, the A321-100 program began at the end of November 1989. The factory of the German company DASA in Hamburg was chosen as the final assembly site for the aircraft; Before this, all aircraft of the Airbus Industry consortium were assembled at the aircraft complex in Toulouse (France).
The prototype A321-100 aircraft with V2500 engines made its first flight on March 11, 1993, and in May it completed its first flight with CFM56 engines. The aircraft with the V2500 turbofan engine received a certificate in mid-December 1994, and in January 1995 the Lufthansa airline received its first aircraft. In February 1994, certification of the aircraft with CFM56 engines was completed; Its deliveries began in March 1994. Aircraft with V2500 engines are designated A321-130, and with CFM56 engines, they are designated A321-110. In 1994, DASA, a member of the Airbus Industry consortium, proposed starting the development of the A321-200 modification with increased take-off weight and longer flight range.
The aircraft is equipped with a digital avionics system EFIS, similar to the A320 complex. It has been mass-produced since 1993. By April 1997, 199 were sold and more than 60 aircraft of all modifications were delivered.
- Modification: A321-100
- Wingspan, m: 34.09
- Aircraft Length, m: 44.51
- The height of the aircraft, m: 11.81
- Wing Area, m2: 122.60
- Weight kg: empty loaded aircraft 47900; maximum take-off 85,000
- Engine type: 2 turbofan engines CFM International CFM56-5B2 (IAE V2530-A5)
- Thrust, kg/s: 2 x 14120 (13620)
- Maximum speed, km / h: 940
- Cruising speed, km / h: 900
- Practical range, km: 4170
- Practical ceiling, m: 10670
- Crew: 2
- The payload of 185 passengers in two-class cabins or 200 passengers in economy class or 220 maximum or 21,800 kg of cargo.