The Airbus A320neo is the advanced version of the narrow-body passenger jet aircraft of the Airbus A320 family. The abbreviation “neo” means “New Engine Option”.
The main change is the installation of new engines that will reduce fuel consumption by 15%, operating costs by 8%, the number of emissions into the air by at least 10% and reduce the noise level compared to the classic models of the A320 series. Two types of engines can be installed on the aircraft: CFM International LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1100G.
Some changes were made to the airframe, including the wing was modified and the design of its wingtip was changed to reduce inductive resistance. Also, for the comfort of passengers, the aircraft cabin was redesigned: the luggage compartment was increased and the air purification system was improved.
The A320neo (A320-271N) has some changes compared to the A320. CFM International LEAP-1A and Pratt & Whitney PW1100G engines will be offered to customers. New engines are 16% more economical than the old ones, however, real savings after installation on an airplane will be slightly less, since 1-2% of the savings are usually lost when engines are installed on an existing model. Thanks to the new engines, the flight range of the A320neo will increase by 950 km, and the payload capacity by 2 tons compared to the base model. On November 15, 2009, Airbus announced work on changing the wingtip design with its own patented name Sharklets (Shark fin), which will be installed on aircraft of the A320 (optional) and A320neo families (standard). In November 2011, the first test flight of the A320-200 was completed with the wingtips of an updated design. On airplanes of the current A320 family, they reduce fuel consumption by 3.5% and allow to increase the maximum load by 500 kg or flight range by 190 km, due to which carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced by 700 tons/year. Their installation also allows you to reduce the cost of servicing 1 aircraft by 220 thousand dollars.
The Airframe A320neo is more than 95% similar to the airframe of the base model, but it is made using new materials, such as composite materials and various aluminum alloys, which helps to keep the weight and fuel consumption the same. Also, it is planned to reduce the number of aircraft parts, which will lead to lower maintenance costs.
Airbus says that for the convenience of passengers, the luggage compartment will be increased and the noise level in the cabin will be reduced compared to the A320. The interior will look more modern with LED backlighting. For the longest version of the A321neo, by changing the configuration of cabin equipment and the design of passenger seats, new layout options have been developed that can increase maximum passenger capacity, while maintaining a standard level of comfort, up to 236 seats, limited only by the number of emergency exits.
- Modification: A320neo
- Wingspan, m: 35.80
- Aircraft Length, m: 37.57
- The height of the aircraft, m: 11.76
- Wing Area, m2: 122.40
- Weight kg: empty equipped plane; maximum take-off 73900
- Engine type: 2 turbofan engines CFM International LEAP-1A
- Rod, kN: 2 x 120.6
- Maximum speed, km / h: 876
- Cruising speed, km / h: 833
- Practical range, km: 6500
- Practical ceiling, m: 12000
- Crew: 2
- The payload of 150 passengers in a two-class cabin or 180 passengers in an economy class or 7 containers LD3-45W