In the early 1970s, European companies BAC (Great Britain), MBB (Germany), SAAB (Sweden), and CASA (Spain) formed the Europlane working group to study the family of narrow-body aircraft with 60 to 200 seats to be operated with short runways and have low noise. The most appropriate aircraft was recognized in the class for 130-180 seats with two turbofan engines CFM International CFM56. The aircraft project was called JET (Joint European Transport). The Airbus Industry consortium, which focused its efforts on wide-body aircraft programs, undertook its own research on narrow-body aircraft under the designations SA1, SA2, and SA3 “narrow-body” with two CFM56 turbofan engines in early 1980. By this time, work on the JET project was finally completed, and projects of the SA family remained unique in Europe in their class. From the SA family, options SA1 (130-140 places) and somewhat elongated SA2 (150-160 places) were selected. In February 1981, the first option was assigned the designation A320-100, and the second – A320-200. In the future, the passenger capacity of both projects became equal to 150, and they became different only in range and payload.
Officially, the A320 aircraft program began in March 1984. The first flight of the prototype A320 aircraft with CFM56-5A1 engines took place on February 22, 1987. At the end of February 1988 the aircraft was certified in Europe, and in December – in the USA. In March 1988, Air France received its first aircraft. The A320 is the first passenger aircraft in the world with an electronic remote control system (EDSU), a cockpit equipped with side control handles instead of conventional helm columns, and a horizontal tail made entirely of composite materials. The A320 aircraft served as the basis for the development of the A319 and A321 aircraft.
The aircraft is equipped with the EFIS digital avionics system manufactured by the French company TOMCOH-CSF, which consists of six color multifunction displays for displaying navigation and navigation information, as well as data on the operation of on-board systems and warning about failures. All avionics comply with the ARINC 700 standard. It was mass-produced in 1988-1989. A total of 21 aircraft were delivered.
- Modification: A320
- Wingspan, m: 34.09
- Aircraft Length, m: 37.57
- The height of the aircraft, m: 11.76
- Wing Area, m2: 122.60
- Weight kg: empty loaded aircraft 41800; maximum take-off 73500
- Engine type: 2 turbofan engines CFM International CFM56-5-A1
- Thrust, kg/s: 2 x 11320
- Maximum speed, km / h: 925
- Cruising speed, km / h: 900
- Practical range, km: 4900
- Practical ceiling, m: 11275
- Crew: 2
- The payload of 150 passengers in a cabin of two classes or 164 passengers in an economy class or 179 maximum or 19,200 kg of cargo