Agusta A129 Mangusta is a military combat helicopter, developed and manufactured since 1987 by the Italian aircraft manufacturer Agusta, and subsequently jointly by the British-Italian company AgustaWestland.
The development of the Italian Agusta A129 Mangusta combat helicopter was launched in 1978, however, by this time, Italian aircraft manufacturers began to develop only the design of a military aircraft, not relying on any of the existing versions of the helicopters. Subsequently, when the design of the Agusta A129 Mangusta helicopter was completed, Italian engineers set to work, taking the helicopter model AgustaWestland A109 as its base, optimizing it for the performance of assigned combat missions.
The design of the helicopter was carried out by Italian aircraft manufacturers for almost nine years, and even though the prototype of this aircraft took to the skies in September 1983, for another 7 years the helicopter was improved in every way, and only in 1990 entered the arsenal of the Italian army.
The Agusta A129 Mangusta helicopter is perfectly adapted to carry out various kinds of combat missions, in particular, it is suitable for fighting both armed enemy units and armored vehicles, including tanks. As the main weapons on the helicopter, Agusta A129 Mangusta used an automatic 20 mm. heavy gun, 12.7 mm large-caliber. machine gun, as well as a set of unguided missiles, providing a high zone of destruction of the enemy.
The crew of an Agusta A129 Mangusta helicopter usually consists of three people – two pilots and one helicopter weapon control officer. This combat vehicle has proven itself in several military and special operations on the territory of other states, in connection with which the production of aircraft of this model continues to this day.
The power plant of the Agusta A129 Mangusta helicopter consists of two Rolls-Royce Gem 2-1004D turboshaft engines, each of which is capable of developing the power of 890 hp, however, despite the relatively high thrust, the flight speed of this aircraft is not high, amounting to about 278 km \ h. at its maximum value. The flight range of the Agusta A129 Mangusta is also very limited – about 510 kilometers, however, in the case of a ferry distance, the helicopter can cover up to 1 thousand kilometers.
- Agusta A129 Mangusta – The basic production version of a combat helicopter;
- Agusta A129 Combat – – An updated version of the helicopter without significant technical and structural changes;
- Agusta A129 International – An improved version of the helicopter, equipped with two LHTEC T800 turboshaft engines, and additional weapons;
- AgustaWestland T129 – A version developed by the order of the Turkish armed forces.
The main user of these helicopters is the Italian army, which is armed with 60 aircraft of this type.
- Crew: 3 people (depending on version);
- Capacity: not available;
- Length: 12.28 m.;
- Height: 3.35 m.;
- The diameter of the rotor: 11.90 m.;
- Empty helicopter mass: 2530 kg. (Depending on version);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 4600 kg. (Depending on version);
- Cruising speed: 229 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight speed: 278 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight range: 510 km. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight height: 4725 m.;
- Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Gem 2-1004D (depending on version);
- Power: 2 × 890 hp (Depending on version).