Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon

Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon is a French heavy transport helicopter designed in 1962 by the aircraft manufacturers Sud Aviation and Aerospatiale.

The multi-purpose helicopter Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon began to be designed by French aircraft engineers in the late 50s of the last century. The main goal of starting work on the design of the aircraft was the need to operate large cargo aircraft, used mainly in the military sphere, moreover, the order itself was initiated by the French Navy, although subsequently, this aircraft gained great popularity in the air force.

The first test tests of the Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon helicopter were carried out by French aircraft manufacturers in 1962, however, the project was not able to fully satisfy all the requirements of the military command of France, in connection with which, the project was sent for additional refinement, and officially this flying the device was introduced only in 1966, although its real mass production began a few years earlier.

Despite the rather large dimensions, the Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon helicopter has high maneuverability, which in turn is a very important quality for a military aircraft. In addition to transporting people and goods on board, the Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon helicopter can also be used as an air suppression tool, or as an anti-submarine or anti-ship air vehicle.

The armament of the Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon helicopter includes:

  • 20 mm. automatic aircraft gun used to combat lightly armored enemy vehicles;
  • 2 anti-ship missiles;
  • 4 anti-submarine torpedoes.

Onboard, the helicopter model Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon can carry 6 tons of payload, or transport up to 32 people, including five crew members and 27 equipped military personnel. Among other things, the Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon helicopter can also carry out the function of an evacuation vehicle that can transport wounded military personnel on board.

The power plant of the Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon helicopter consists of three Turboméca Turmo IIIC gas turbine aircraft engines, each of which has a capacity of 1570 hp. The maximum flight range of the aircraft of this model is 1020 kilometers, while the helicopter can cover the distance at a cruising speed of 220 km \ h.

The production of Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon aircraft was carried out by French aircraft manufacturers from 1962 to 1981, while 110 aircraft of this model were built over the entire production period.

Modifications

  • Aerospatiale SE.3200 Frelon – a prototype of a helicopter, introduced in 1958;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon – pre-production version of the aircraft;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321G Super Frelon – anti-submarine version of the helicopter, developed by order of the French Navy;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321Ga Super Frelon – a transport version of the aircraft, which is also used as a means of fire cover from the air;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321GM Super Frelon – an export version of the helicopter developed for the Libyan Armed Forces;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321H Super Frelon – an export version designed by order of the Iraqi Armed Forces;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321F Super Frelon – civilian transport version of the aircraft;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321J Super Frelon – cargo-passenger version of the helicopter;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321Ja Super Frelon – An improved version of the Aerospatiale SA 321J Super Frelon;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321K Super Frelon – an export version developed for the Israeli Armed Forces;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321L Super Frelon – an export version of the helicopter, designed for the Armed Forces of South Africa;
  • Aerospatiale SA 321M Super Frelon – search and rescue version of the aircraft;
  • Changhe Z-8 – a Chinese version of a military transport helicopter equipped with Changzhou Lan Xiang WZ6 gas turbine engines;
  • Changhe Z-8A – military transport version of the helicopter, manufactured by Chinese aircraft manufacturers;
  • Changhe Z-8F – a Chinese version of the helicopter, equipped with gas turbine engines of the brand Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6B-67A;
  • Changhe Z-8AEW – version for electronic warfare.

Specifications

  • Crew: 5 people (depending on version);
  • Capacity: 27 people (depending on version);
  • Length: 23.03 m.;
  • Height: 6.66 m.;
  • The diameter of the rotor: 18.9 m.;
  • The mass of the empty helicopter: 6863 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum take-off weight: 13000 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Cruising speed: 220 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight speed: 275 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight range: 1020 km. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight height: 3150 m.;
  • Powerplant: 3 x Turboméca Turmo IIIC (depending on version);
  • Power: 3 x 1570 hp (Depending on version).
Graduated from Embry-Riddle Aviation University with a master's degree in aviation science. He began his career as an aviation researcher in local periodicals. Has a pilot license. Now are the author and developer of the Plane Worlds.